Are you suffering from red, flaky and itchy patches of skin? You may be experiencing psoriasis. For those who do not know, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that affects millions of people around the world. In this disorder, the body attacks itself. It primarily affects the joints. It can cause a significant amount of joint pain, make it difficult to walk, create problems with reading and writing, and can even leave an unsightly rash that could progress to scales. Understandably, individuals with psoriasis would like to know about the different treatment options that are available. Fortunately, there are several different choices that might prove effective for somebody with psoriasis.
One of the mainstays of the treatment of psoriasis is steroids. Steroids work by decreasing the inflammatory response of the immune system. Examples of possible steroids that people might be prescribed including prednisone and hydrocortisone. By reducing the activity level of the immune system, the inflammatory response is decreased. This means that the immune system does not attack the joints as much. This can bring people much-needed pain relief. One of the side effects of steroids is that, because the immune system has its activity level decreased, people may be more susceptible to infections. Other side effects of prolonged steroid use include high blood glucose levels and increased weight gain. The benefits of controlling arthritis must be weighed against the infection risk and the other side effects.
Another class of medication that could prove useful in treating somebody with psoriasis is immune modulators. These medications have been designed to specifically target cells of the immune system. By specifically targeting the immune system, people may receive the same benefits as an anti-inflammatory medication without causing some of the more powerful side effects. One example of an immune modulator is called Humira. This medication is a monoclonal antibody that targets certain cells of the immune system. While this medication can still make people more susceptible to infection, and avoid some of the other side effects of steroids, including high blood glucose levels and weight gain.
Lastly, one of the other symptoms of psoriasis is the rash. This rash can be itchy, but can also progress to unsightly, gray plaques which can cause significant confidence and self-esteem issues. One of the medications that has been developed to control this rash is a vitamin A derivative. One of the examples is called Otezla. This medication works by targeting the cells of the skin to reduce the overproduction of cells creating the rash and the scales. Some of the potential side effects of Otezla may include a headache, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. It may take some time before this medication starts to demonstrate significant effects, so it is important for people to be patient. Ultimately, Otezla might help people control the rash associated with psoriasis.
In the end, there are several different treatment options available for an individual who has been diagnosed with psoriasis. Some of these medications can have very powerful side effects. Therefore, it is important for everyone was psoriasis to meet with their doctor to discuss the benefits and side effects of all of these treatment options. What might work for one person may not work for somebody else. In order to control psoriasis, it takes a well-rounded treatment approach.