Cancer develops from normal cells as a result of damage to the cells' DNA, which in turn produces abnormal cells. However, if the body does not restore the cell, the abnormal cell divides then re-divides failing to undergo through programmed cell death. There are types of these abnormal cells that travel to parts of the body through the circulation of the blood or lymph vessels. This movement of abnormal cells is referred to as metastasis, which results in different types of cancers. It is possible that damaged DNA is inherited from parents. The DNA can also suffer damage from external factors, such as smoking. Read on to learn more.
Prostate cancer was identified in 1853, which physicians considered a rare type of cancer. The disease was not well understood resulting in different kinds of treatment. The early warning signs of prostate cancer include erectile dysfunction, frequent bloody or painful urination, difficulty controlling the bladder, a decrease in semen ejaculated during sex and lower back, hips or pelvic pain. Benign diseases, such as enlargement of the prostate, have similar symptoms to prostate cancer. The leading causes of prostate cancer are the mutation of normal cells and aging above 65 years old. Anything that affects or enhances your chance of getting a disease is called a risk factor. Prostate cancer risk factors include vasectomy, age, geography, sexually transmitted infections, family history, gene changes, diet, smoking, obesity, chemical exposures, and inflammation of the prostate. About sixty percent of men over 65 are found to have prostate cancer.
For men who live in the Caribbean islands, North America, northwestern Europe, and Australia, it is more common to have prostate cancer, but it is less common in men who live in Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America. If a father or bother has prostate cancer, this doubles the risk of developing prostate cancer. Men should avoid excessive amounts of red meat and high-fat dairy products. Obesity and diet factors do not appear to create a high risk of prostate cancer. The main types of doctors who treat prostate cancer include Urologists, Radiation oncologists, and Medical Oncologists. Many times prostate cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, and there is time to consider treatment options.
The most common treatment options include beginning treatment of prostate cancer by stage, monitoring PSA levels during and after prostate cancer treatment, aggressively treating prostate cancer that is resistant to treatment and palliative or supportive care if procedures are not successful. The specific treatment procedures include surgical procedures like Radical prostatectomy, Radical retropubic prostatectomy, and Radical perineal prostatectomy. Radiation therapy, cryotherapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy drugs like Docetaxel, Cabazitaxel, Mitoxantrone, Estramustine are also used. Doctors have also developed a vaccine treatment.
There are four stages of prostate cancer. Each step is diagnostic of the severity and spread of the disease. At the first stage, there is a 100% survival rate in the five years following treatment with no spread of the disease. Prostrate cancer cells are known to grow slowly, and the condition need not be treated immediately if the diagnosing is at the first stage and depending on the age and general health. A person has time to chose the right treatment that has fewer side effects such as Erectile Dysfunction.
Procrastination and fear are the most dangerous existential "causes" of the growth of prostate cancer cells which, of course, will minimize the chances of survival. Diagnosis and treatment are the primary options, while treatment can be refused at the fourth stage. Because like any cancer, prostate cancer will spread quickly, getting a diagnosis as soon as possible is your best chance for recovery.