Multiple Sclerosis, or MS, is a disease that affects millions across the globe each year. It is a disease that can affect anyone and that can happen at any time in life. This disease can affect the brain and spinal cord as well as the ability to speak, see, balance, and muscle control. There are a few different types of MS that all have different connotations, different effects, and that have a variety of different issues to watch for. The first type of MS is relapsing or remitting MS, this typically occurs in the 20s and 30s. There is also secondary or progressive MS that occurs after you have been diagnosed with remitting or relapsing MS. There is also primary progressive which occurs later in life, progressive relapsing and even a very rare type of MS called Balo's Disease.
There is no real cause for MS though doctors do believe that your genes and environment do play a part in its development. There are some early warning signs to look for including but not limited to Clinically Isolated Syndrome. This is a syndrome that lasts for about 24 hours where your body accidentally tells your immune system to attack myelin, the material that insulates and surrounds nerves. This can include numbness, tingling, twitching, and muscle spasms as well. Fatigue is another symptom, so is thinking problems, vision problems, depression and even widespread pain around the body. All of these symptoms can occur independently or along with one another and may be quite scary for those experiencing them. If you have any of these symptoms, you should take the time to visit a doctor immediately as untreated MS can lead to lifelong issues and disabilities.
There are some treatments that you can take to halt the effects of MS and to help manage your symptoms. Some of the most common medications that help to manage MS are called disease-modifying medications. These work to modify the symptoms of the disease and help make day to day life much easier to manage. Medications like Aubagio, Gilenya, and Tecfidera work to help modify the effects of the disease so that you can feel better and get on living your life.
There are also injectable medications that can help you to manage the symptoms of MS. Avonex, Betaseron, Copaxone, and Extavia are just a few injectable options. With injectable medications, the main goal is to interfere with the messages that the disease is sending to the immune system and to help stabilize and change the disease and how it affects the body. These are treatments that may be used with oral medications or that may be used independently. Your doctor may also choose to use infused medications like Lemtrada.
Of course, if one medication does not handle the symptoms, your doctor may choose to do a combination of medications to help find the therapy that works best for you and for your particular needs and your particular type and variety of MS. There is no way to predict when MS is going to hit or if it is going to hit either. It is always important that if you feel you have a serious illness that you take the time to go to the doctor and see what types of treatment are out there for you.