Best Diabetes Treatments
Diabetes is a serious disease that cannot simply be treated without the direction of a medical professional. A doctor will create a diabetes treatment plan that fits the needs of their patient. In addition to the plan, the patient may also need the assistance of other healthcare professionals such as a nutritionist, foot doctor, diabetes specialist and eye doctor. Diabetes treatment requires monitoring blood sugar levels, combined with exercise, dieting, and medications. Below are some of the most effective treatments for diabetes.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin which the body uses to create energy from blood sugar. Therefore, insulin must be provided to the body in the form of injections or a continuous pump. Self-injections are very daunting at first but becomes easier over time. Injectable insulin is available in rapid-acting (impact within a few minutes and lasts 2-4 hours), short-acting (30-minute impact lasting 3-6 hours), intermediate-acting (impact in 1-2 hours lasting 18-hours), long-acting (impact within 1-2 hours lasting over 24-hours) and ultra-long-acting (impact within 1-2 hours lasting 42-hours). As an alternative, many use an insulin pump which provides an insulin dose as a set basis throughout the day. The pump is programmed to deliver the insulin based on the blood sugar level prior to eating.
Another treatment is eating a balanced diet which is determined by a dietitian and doctor. Most important is the timing of insulin which is determined by diet and activity level. The time of eating and the amount consume is-as important as the food itself. Doctors typically recommend three small meals with three-to-four snacks per day to maintain the sugar-insulin balance. The amount depends on personal preference and weight. Also, watching carbohydrates (amount needed versus amount consumed) is the key to controlling blood sugar. An additional treatment element is exercise. With any type of diabetes, exercise increases the use of insulin which could lower blood sugar. To prevent this from occurring, it is important to check blood sugar levels and eat carbohydrates a half-hour prior to exercising. Also, exercise can lower the change of a stroke or heart attack while improving overall circulation through the body.
Most diabetes treatment plans also include administering oral medications. One of the most common is Metformin which is available in regular and extended-release options. Metformin reduces the amount of glucose released from the liver and has the following side-effects: bloating, diarrhea, gas, loss of appetite during the first few weeks and upset stomach. Another common diabetes oral treatment is Glimepiride which stimulates the pancreas triggering the increased release of insulin. Side effects include occasional skin rash, low blood glucose, an upset stomach and irritability. Pioglitazone increases the sensitivity of the body to the effects of insulin and could cause side effects like swelling, fluid retention and increased risk of congestive heart failure for those who are already at risk. Finally, Sitagliptin is a DPP-4 Inhibitor which improves insulin levels following a meal while lowering glucose production. Side-effects include diarrhea, stomach discomfort, upper respiratory infection and stuffy nose.
Diabetes is a serious disease that takes a lot of work to treat. If diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to listen to the doctor's recommendations and implement medications, exercise and dietary changes immediately!